معنى كلمة natural disaster

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معنى كلمة natural disaster
معنى كلمة natural disaster

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معنى كلمة natural disaster


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كارثة طبيعية

انضموا إلى دروس اللغة الإنكليزية أون لاين بنظام الشخص لشخص مع مدرسين لغتهم الأم هي الإنكليزية. تحدثوا الانكليزية و افهموها


natural


disaster

حمّل معجم Clickivo على هاتفك المحمول الآن مجاناً . تعلم معاني الكلمات التي تحتاجها مجاناًَ!
معنى كلمة natural disaster


learned


About Blank


censored


supplies


plates


guaranteed


sib


hello


milled


book

, Alingliziah أهلاً بكم في معجم العربية اﻻنكليزية الذي تم تحضيره من قبل مركز
, لمعرفة معاني الآﻻف من الكلمات اﻻنكليزية والعربية استخدموا الصندوق بالأعلى
! مع معجم اﻻنكليزية المجاني تعرفوا على كل الكلمات التي تريدونها

إذا أردتم ترجمة جملة عربية أو انكليزية ما عليكم إﻻ كتابة الجملة التي تريدونها في الحقل الموجود باﻻﻋﻠﻰ .سوف تترجم للانكليزية عبر نظام ترجمة الجمل.

بواسطة النظام الذي طوره مركزنا سيتمكن الأشخاص الذين ﻻ يعرفون اﻻنكليزية أبداً أن يصبحون قادرين على تكلم اﻻنكليزية بمدة قصيرة.من أجل تعلم اﻻنكليزية بشكل سهل و سريع جرب
.الآن مجاناً Alingliziah

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{code: ‘ad_leftslot’, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [160, 600] } },
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{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195464’, size: [160, 600] }},
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{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101594’ }}]},
{code: ‘ad_btmslot_a’, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } },
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{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘194852’, size: [300, 250] }},
{ bidder: ‘openx’, params: { unit: ‘539971063’, delDomain: ‘idm-d.openx.net’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘346688’ }},
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{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101592’ }}]},
{code: ‘ad_rightslot’, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [300, 250] } },
bids: [{ bidder: ‘rubicon’, params: { accountId: ‘17282’, siteId: ‘162036’, zoneId: ‘776156’ }},
{ bidder: ‘appnexus’, params: { placementId: ‘11654156’ }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195465’, size: [300, 250] }},
{ bidder: ‘openx’, params: { unit: ‘539971079’, delDomain: ‘idm-d.openx.net’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘387232’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479700’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101607’ }}]},
{code: ‘ad_contentslot_1’, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } },
bids: [{ bidder: ‘rubicon’, params: { accountId: ‘17282’, siteId: ‘162036’, zoneId: ‘776142’ }},
{ bidder: ‘appnexus’, params: { placementId: ‘11654150’ }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195452’, size: [300, 250] }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195452’, size: [336, 280] }},
{ bidder: ‘openx’, params: { unit: ‘539971067’, delDomain: ‘idm-d.openx.net’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘446383’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479707’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6623862’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101595’ }}]}];
var pbDesktopSlots = [
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bids: [{ bidder: ‘rubicon’, params: { accountId: ‘17282’, siteId: ‘162036’, zoneId: ‘776160’ }},
{ bidder: ‘appnexus’, params: { placementId: ‘11654157’ }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195466’, size: [728, 90] }},
{ bidder: ‘openx’, params: { unit: ‘539971080’, delDomain: ‘idm-d.openx.net’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘346693’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479710’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101656’ }}]},
{code: ‘ad_leftslot’, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [160, 600] } },
bids: [{ bidder: ‘rubicon’, params: { accountId: ‘17282’, siteId: ‘162036’, zoneId: ‘776140’ }},
{ bidder: ‘appnexus’, params: { placementId: ‘11654149’ }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195464’, size: [160, 600] }},
{ bidder: ‘openx’, params: { unit: ‘539971066’, delDomain: ‘idm-d.openx.net’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘346698’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479703’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101594’ }}]},
{code: ‘ad_btmslot_a’, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } },
bids: [{ bidder: ‘rubicon’, params: { accountId: ‘17282’, siteId: ‘162036’, zoneId: ‘776130’ }},
{ bidder: ‘appnexus’, params: { placementId: ‘11653860’ }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘194852’, size: [300, 250] }},
{ bidder: ‘openx’, params: { unit: ‘539971063’, delDomain: ‘idm-d.openx.net’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘346688’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479718’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101592’ }}]},
{code: ‘ad_rightslot’, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [300, 250] } },
bids: [{ bidder: ‘rubicon’, params: { accountId: ‘17282’, siteId: ‘162036’, zoneId: ‘776156’ }},
{ bidder: ‘appnexus’, params: { placementId: ‘11654156’ }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195465’, size: [300, 250] }},
{ bidder: ‘openx’, params: { unit: ‘539971079’, delDomain: ‘idm-d.openx.net’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘387232’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479700’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101607’ }}]},
{code: ‘ad_contentslot_1’, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } },
bids: [{ bidder: ‘rubicon’, params: { accountId: ‘17282’, siteId: ‘162036’, zoneId: ‘776142’ }},
{ bidder: ‘appnexus’, params: { placementId: ‘11654150’ }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195452’, size: [300, 250] }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195452’, size: [336, 280] }},
{ bidder: ‘openx’, params: { unit: ‘539971067’, delDomain: ‘idm-d.openx.net’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘446383’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479707’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6623862’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101595’ }}]}];
var pbTabletSlots = [
{code: ‘ad_topslot_b’, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [728, 90] } },
bids: [{ bidder: ‘rubicon’, params: { accountId: ‘17282’, siteId: ‘162036’, zoneId: ‘776160’ }},
{ bidder: ‘appnexus’, params: { placementId: ‘11654157’ }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195466’, size: [728, 90] }},
{ bidder: ‘openx’, params: { unit: ‘539971080’, delDomain: ‘idm-d.openx.net’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘346693’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479710’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101656’ }}]},
{code: ‘ad_btmslot_a’, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } },
bids: [{ bidder: ‘rubicon’, params: { accountId: ‘17282’, siteId: ‘162036’, zoneId: ‘776130’ }},
{ bidder: ‘appnexus’, params: { placementId: ‘11653860’ }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘194852’, size: [300, 250] }},
{ bidder: ‘openx’, params: { unit: ‘539971063’, delDomain: ‘idm-d.openx.net’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘346688’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479718’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101592’ }}]},
{code: ‘ad_rightslot’, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [300, 250] } },
bids: [{ bidder: ‘rubicon’, params: { accountId: ‘17282’, siteId: ‘162036’, zoneId: ‘776156’ }},
{ bidder: ‘appnexus’, params: { placementId: ‘11654156’ }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195465’, size: [300, 250] }},
{ bidder: ‘openx’, params: { unit: ‘539971079’, delDomain: ‘idm-d.openx.net’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘387232’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479700’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101607’ }}]},
{code: ‘ad_contentslot_1’, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } },
bids: [{ bidder: ‘rubicon’, params: { accountId: ‘17282’, siteId: ‘162036’, zoneId: ‘776142’ }},
{ bidder: ‘appnexus’, params: { placementId: ‘11654150’ }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195452’, size: [300, 250] }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195452’, size: [336, 280] }},
{ bidder: ‘openx’, params: { unit: ‘539971067’, delDomain: ‘idm-d.openx.net’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘446383’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479707’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6623862’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101595’ }}]}];
var pbMobileSlots = [
{code: ‘ad_topslot_a’, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [320, 50] } },
bids: [{ bidder: ‘rubicon’, params: { accountId: ‘17282’, siteId: ‘162050’, zoneId: ‘776358’ }},
{ bidder: ‘appnexus’, params: { placementId: ‘11654208’ }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195467’, size: [320, 50] }},
{ bidder: ‘openx’, params: { unit: ‘539971081’, delDomain: ‘idm-d.openx.net’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘387233’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479701’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101657’ }}]},
{code: ‘ad_btmslot_a’, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } },
bids: [{ bidder: ‘rubicon’, params: { accountId: ‘17282’, siteId: ‘162050’, zoneId: ‘776336’ }},
{ bidder: ‘appnexus’, params: { placementId: ‘11654174’ }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195451’, size: [300, 250] }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195451’, size: [320, 50] }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195451’, size: [300, 50] }},
{ bidder: ‘openx’, params: { unit: ‘539971065’, delDomain: ‘idm-d.openx.net’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘446381’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘446382’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479709’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479722’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479720’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101593’ }}]},
{code: ‘ad_contentslot_1’, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } },
bids: [{ bidder: ‘rubicon’, params: { accountId: ‘17282’, siteId: ‘162050’, zoneId: ‘776338’ }},
{ bidder: ‘appnexus’, params: { placementId: ‘11654189’ }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195453’, size: [300, 250] }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195453’, size: [320, 100] }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195453’, size: [320, 50] }},
{ bidder: ‘ix’, params: { siteId: ‘195453’, size: [300, 50] }},
{ bidder: ‘openx’, params: { unit: ‘539971068’, delDomain: ‘idm-d.openx.net’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘446385’ }},
{ bidder: ‘sovrn’, params: { tagid: ‘446384’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479724’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479694’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘aol’, params: { placement: ‘6479699’, network: ‘4832.1’, server: ‘adserver.adtech.de’ }},
{ bidder: ‘criteo’, params: { zoneId: ‘1101596’ }}]}];
var pbjs = pbjs || {};
pbjs.que = pbjs.que || [];

const customGranularity = {
‘buckets’: [{
‘min’: 0,
‘max’: 3,
‘increment’: 0.01,
‘cap’: true
},{
‘min’: 3.05,
‘max’: 8,
‘increment’: 0.05,
‘cap’: true
},{
‘min’: 8.50,
‘max’: 30,
‘increment’: 0.5,
‘cap’: true
},{
‘min’: 31,
‘max’: 36,
‘increment’: 1,
‘cap’: true
}]
};
pbjsCfg = {
userSync: { syncsPerBidder: 50 },
priceGranularity: customGranularity,
maxRequestsPerOrigin: 1,
enableSendAllBids: false,
timeoutBuffer: 400,
bidderSequence: “fixed”
};
pbjsCfg.consentManagement = {
cmpApi: 14,
timeout: 200,
allowAuctionWithoutConsent: true
};
pbjs.que.push(function() {
pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg);
});

var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution);
var googletag = googletag || {};
googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || [];
googletag.cmd.push(function() {
googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad();
});
if(window.__cmp)
{
window.__cmp(‘setConsentUiCallback’, function () {
addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits);
});
}

var dfpSlots = {};
(function() {
var gads = document.createElement(‘script’);
gads.async = true;
gads.type = ‘text/javascript’;
var useSSL = ‘https:’ == document.location.protocol;
gads.src = (useSSL ? ‘https:’ : ‘http:’) +’//www.googletagservices.com/tag/js/gpt.js’;
var node = document.getElementsByTagName(‘script’)[0];
node.parentNode.insertBefore(gads, node);
})();
googletag.cmd.push(function() {
var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [320, 50]).build();
dfpSlots[‘topslot_a’] = googletag.defineSlot(‘/2863368/topslot’, [], ‘ad_topslot_a’).defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting(‘vp’, ‘top’).setTargeting(‘hp’, ‘center’).setTargeting(‘ad_group’, Adomik.randomAdGroup()).addService(googletag.pubads());
var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [728, 90]).addSize([0, 0], []).build();
dfpSlots[‘topslot_b’] = googletag.defineSlot(‘/2863368/topslot’, [728, 90], ‘ad_topslot_b’).defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting(‘vp’, ‘top’).setTargeting(‘hp’, ‘center’).setTargeting(‘ad_group’, Adomik.randomAdGroup()).addService(googletag.pubads());
var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [160, 600]).addSize([0, 0], []).build();
dfpSlots[‘leftslot’] = googletag.defineSlot(‘/2863368/leftslot’, [160, 600], ‘ad_leftslot’).defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting(‘vp’, ‘top’).setTargeting(‘hp’, ‘left’).setTargeting(‘ad_group’, Adomik.randomAdGroup()).addService(googletag.pubads());
var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], ‘fluid’]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], ‘fluid’]).build();
dfpSlots[‘btmslot_a’] = googletag.defineSlot(‘/2863368/btmslot’, [[300, 250], ‘fluid’], ‘ad_btmslot_a’).defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting(‘vp’, ‘btm’).setTargeting(‘hp’, ‘center’).setTargeting(‘ad_group’, Adomik.randomAdGroup()).addService(googletag.pubads());
var mapping_houseslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build();
dfpSlots[‘houseslot_a’] = googletag.defineSlot(‘/2863368/houseslot’, [300, 250], ‘ad_houseslot_a’).defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting(‘vp’, ‘mid’).setTargeting(‘hp’, ‘right’).setTargeting(‘ad_group’, Adomik.randomAdGroup()).addService(googletag.pubads());
var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build();
dfpSlots[‘houseslot_b’] = googletag.defineSlot(‘/2863368/houseslot’, [], ‘ad_houseslot_b’).defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting(‘vp’, ‘btm’).setTargeting(‘hp’, ‘center’).setTargeting(‘ad_group’, Adomik.randomAdGroup()).addService(googletag.pubads());
var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build();
dfpSlots[‘rightslot’] = googletag.defineSlot(‘/2863368/rightslot’, [300, 250], ‘ad_rightslot’).defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting(‘vp’, ‘mid’).setTargeting(‘hp’, ‘right’).setTargeting(‘ad_group’, Adomik.randomAdGroup()).addService(googletag.pubads());
var mapping_contentslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [336, 280], ‘fluid’]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50], ‘fluid’]).build();
dfpSlots[‘contentslot_1’] = googletag.defineSlot(‘/2863368/mpuslot’, [[300, 250], [336, 280], ‘fluid’], ‘ad_contentslot_1’).defineSizeMapping(mapping_contentslot).setTargeting(‘cdo_si’, ‘1’).setTargeting(‘vp’, ‘mid’).setTargeting(‘hp’, ‘center’).setTargeting(‘ad_group’, Adomik.randomAdGroup()).addService(googletag.pubads());
googletag.pubads().addEventListener(‘slotRenderEnded’, function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty } });

googletag.pubads().setTargeting(‘ad_h’, Adomik.hour);
googletag.pubads().setTargeting(“cdo_pc”, “dictionary”);
googletag.pubads().setTargeting(“cdo_pt”, “entry”);
googletag.pubads().setTargeting(“cdo_ptl”, “entry-lcp”);
googletag.pubads().setTargeting(“cdo_dc”, “english”);
googletag.pubads().setTargeting(“cdo_ei”, “disaster”);
googletag.pubads().setTargeting(“cdo_c”, [“arts_entertainment_media”, “jobs_education_resumes”]);
googletag.pubads().setTargeting(“cdo_t”, “doing-and-achieving”);
googletag.pubads().setTargeting(“cdo_l”, “en”);
googletag.pubads().setTargeting(“cdo_tc”, “resp”);

if(pl_p)
googletag.pubads().setTargeting(‘cdo_alc_pr’, pl_p.split(“|”));

googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion(‘lcp’).setCategoryExclusion(‘resp’).setCategoryExclusion(‘wprod’);

googletag.pubads().setTargeting(“ad_pers”, “2”);
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Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English

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B2 (an event that results in) great harm, damage, or death, or serious difficulty:

معنى كلمة natural disaster

› to be very unsuccessful or extremely bad:

More examples

Thesaurus: synonyms and related words


Accidents and disasters

See more results »

You can also find related words, phrases, and synonyms in the topics:

› an event causing great harm, damage, or suffering:

› fig. A disaster is also a complete failure:

(Definition of “disaster” from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

› a sudden event that causes a lot of damage, such as a very bad fire, storm, or accident:

› an extremely bad situation that can destroy a company’s plans, success, or ability to operate:

(Definition of “disaster” from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press)

 See all examples of disaster

These are words often used in combination with disaster. Click on a collocation to see more examples of it.


 See all collocations with disaster

災難,大禍…

災害, 大惨事, 大失敗…

désastre, catastrophe…

desastre…

كارِثة, نَكْبة…

pohroma, katastrofa…

katastrofe, ulykke…

desastre…

bencana…

ความหายนะ…

tai họa…

klęska, katastrofa…

bencana…

felaket, âfet, yıkım…

die Katastrophe…

katastrofe, ulykke, stor ulykke…

재난, 재앙…

معنى كلمة natural disaster

desastre…

灾难,大祸…

disastro…

бедствие, катастрофа…

desastre…

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النتائج: 8453. المطابقة: 8453. الزمن المنقضي: 134 ميلّي ثانية.

كلمات متكررة 1-300, 301-600, 601-900, مزيد

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تم تطويره من قِبل Prompsit Language Engineering for Softissimo

معنى كلمة natural disaster

© 2013-2019 Softissimo Inc. جميع الحقوق محفوظة.

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ක්‍රියා කරමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

معنى كلمة natural disaster

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ක්‍රියා කරමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

http://www.engvid.com Worried about natural disasters like hurricanes, earthquakes, and tsunamis? When we make small talk in English, we often talk about the weather and recent natural events on our planet. In this lesson, I’ll teach you English vocabulary to talk about weather, climate, and natural disasters. Watch this lesson, and you’ll learn how to follow climate news, how to discuss weather trends, and much more. Take the quiz to test your understanding! When you’re done, practice by posting a comment about a natural disaster in your country. http://www.engvid.com/vocabulary-weat…TRANSCRIPTHi. Welcome again to www.engvid.com. I’m Adam. Today’s lesson comes from a few requests from the www.engvid.com comments section. Some people wanted to know about natural disasters. So what I have here is a bit of a combination of climate vocabulary and natural events. I don’t call them “disasters” because, realistically, they’re only disasters to humans; to nature, they are just events. Okay?Before we begin, I want to make sure we understand the difference between “climate” and “weather”. “Weather” is the occurrence of nature every day. Today is sunny, tomorrow is raining, today is a little bit chilly, tomorrow is going to be nice and warm. Every day’s situation is the weather. “Climate” is the pattern over usually we talk about a year. So if a country or a place has four seasons: spring, summer, fall, winter – each season has its own climate; rainy, hot, humid, whatever the case may be. So we’re going to look at climate and natural events that usually go together. Now, this last year or the past 2 or 3 years have seen some very crazy weather-or sorry-climate events. So I’m going to give you some words to be able to discuss these amongst yourselves.First, we’re going to start with: “flood” and “drought”. Okay? The “h”, the “gh” not pronounced. “Drought”, “flood”, like going up. So “flood” is when there’s too much water. Very heavy rain, sometimes it’s because snow melts too quickly in hills or mountains. All the water comes into a low place or a flat place, the earth doesn’t absorb it quickly enough or the sewage can’t take all of it, the pipes, etcetera so all the water rises up above the ground, goes into your houses, into the subway stations, everywhere. That’s a flood, a flood. “Drought” is the complete opposite. A “drought” is what happens when a region or a place doesn’t get water, doesn’t get any rain for a very long period of time. Everything dries out, all the crops, all the wheat, and rice, and everything dies. Sometimes this leads to a famine. Okay? A “famine” is when there’s a lot of people starving. Okay? So this is a natural disaster because human beings and animals are starving because everything died in the drought, there’s nothing to eat.Okay, next we have: “earthquake”. “Quake” basically means shake. An “earthquake” is when the earth shakes. Okay? Now, what often happens is when there’s an earthquake in the sea or near the sea, there’s often a “tsunami”. Now, this is actually a Japanese word. Actually, it’s two Japanese words, but they are used so commonly that we just take them as an English word now. “Tsunami” means harbour wave. Not so important for you guys right now, but it’s basically a big wave or a big series of waves that after the earthquake, all the water in the seas or the oceans starts moving around, sometimes it moves on to the land and just destroys everything. I think everybody probably remembers the tsunami from 2006 or so in Indonesia, in that area, very destructive, in Japan a couple of years ago – huge tsunamis.Next, this is what we’re experiencing lately with climate change, global warming, whatever you want to call it: “heat waves” and “cold fronts”. Now, if you watch the news, the weather channel, for example, sometimes you’ll see something like this, you’ll see lines with semicircles moving. Other times, you’ll see red lines with triangles moving. The blue lines, these are cold fronts, means a very cold mass of air, the cold amount of air is moving. The red one, same thing but heat, a lot of heat. Heat waves are very dangerous because they come very suddenly, it gets very, very hot. A lot of people suffer from it, a lot of people die from it. Same with a cold front, suddenly the temperature really, really drops, minus 20, minus 30, minus 40. And again, very, very dangerous; you don’t want to be outside when that happens.

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ක්‍රියා කරමින්…

ධාවන ලැයිස්තු ප්‍රවේශනය කරමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ක්‍රියා කරමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

معنى كلمة natural disaster

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ක්‍රියා කරමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

http://www.engvid.com Worried about natural disasters like hurricanes, earthquakes, and tsunamis? When we make small talk in English, we often talk about the weather and recent natural events on our planet. In this lesson, I’ll teach you English vocabulary to talk about weather, climate, and natural disasters. Watch this lesson, and you’ll learn how to follow climate news, how to discuss weather trends, and much more. Take the quiz to test your understanding! When you’re done, practice by posting a comment about a natural disaster in your country. http://www.engvid.com/vocabulary-weat…TRANSCRIPTHi. Welcome again to www.engvid.com. I’m Adam. Today’s lesson comes from a few requests from the www.engvid.com comments section. Some people wanted to know about natural disasters. So what I have here is a bit of a combination of climate vocabulary and natural events. I don’t call them “disasters” because, realistically, they’re only disasters to humans; to nature, they are just events. Okay?Before we begin, I want to make sure we understand the difference between “climate” and “weather”. “Weather” is the occurrence of nature every day. Today is sunny, tomorrow is raining, today is a little bit chilly, tomorrow is going to be nice and warm. Every day’s situation is the weather. “Climate” is the pattern over usually we talk about a year. So if a country or a place has four seasons: spring, summer, fall, winter – each season has its own climate; rainy, hot, humid, whatever the case may be. So we’re going to look at climate and natural events that usually go together. Now, this last year or the past 2 or 3 years have seen some very crazy weather-or sorry-climate events. So I’m going to give you some words to be able to discuss these amongst yourselves.First, we’re going to start with: “flood” and “drought”. Okay? The “h”, the “gh” not pronounced. “Drought”, “flood”, like going up. So “flood” is when there’s too much water. Very heavy rain, sometimes it’s because snow melts too quickly in hills or mountains. All the water comes into a low place or a flat place, the earth doesn’t absorb it quickly enough or the sewage can’t take all of it, the pipes, etcetera so all the water rises up above the ground, goes into your houses, into the subway stations, everywhere. That’s a flood, a flood. “Drought” is the complete opposite. A “drought” is what happens when a region or a place doesn’t get water, doesn’t get any rain for a very long period of time. Everything dries out, all the crops, all the wheat, and rice, and everything dies. Sometimes this leads to a famine. Okay? A “famine” is when there’s a lot of people starving. Okay? So this is a natural disaster because human beings and animals are starving because everything died in the drought, there’s nothing to eat.Okay, next we have: “earthquake”. “Quake” basically means shake. An “earthquake” is when the earth shakes. Okay? Now, what often happens is when there’s an earthquake in the sea or near the sea, there’s often a “tsunami”. Now, this is actually a Japanese word. Actually, it’s two Japanese words, but they are used so commonly that we just take them as an English word now. “Tsunami” means harbour wave. Not so important for you guys right now, but it’s basically a big wave or a big series of waves that after the earthquake, all the water in the seas or the oceans starts moving around, sometimes it moves on to the land and just destroys everything. I think everybody probably remembers the tsunami from 2006 or so in Indonesia, in that area, very destructive, in Japan a couple of years ago – huge tsunamis.Next, this is what we’re experiencing lately with climate change, global warming, whatever you want to call it: “heat waves” and “cold fronts”. Now, if you watch the news, the weather channel, for example, sometimes you’ll see something like this, you’ll see lines with semicircles moving. Other times, you’ll see red lines with triangles moving. The blue lines, these are cold fronts, means a very cold mass of air, the cold amount of air is moving. The red one, same thing but heat, a lot of heat. Heat waves are very dangerous because they come very suddenly, it gets very, very hot. A lot of people suffer from it, a lot of people die from it. Same with a cold front, suddenly the temperature really, really drops, minus 20, minus 30, minus 40. And again, very, very dangerous; you don’t want to be outside when that happens.

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ප්‍රවේශනය වෙමින්…

ක්‍රියා කරමින්…

ධාවන ලැයිස්තු ප්‍රවේශනය කරමින්…

Improve your vocabulary and practice your pronunciation with these 12 English words for natural disasters.

A hurricane is a large, circular storm with strong winds.

A tornado is extremely strong winds concentrated in one area.

When the lightning touches a building, tree, car, or person, we say they have been “struck” by lightning.

معنى كلمة natural disaster

In an earthquake, the ground shakes and cracks. Buildings that are not designed to survive earthquakes are often destroyed.

A flood occurs when it rains a lot, and the water in a river gets so high that it overflows the riverbanks and invades surrounding areas.

In a tsunami, the water from the ocean comes in and covers the land. Tsunamis are caused by an earthquake in the middle of the ocean.

A drought is when there is not enough water because it hasn’t rained for a long time.

A blizzard is a very strong snowstorm.

An avalanche is when a lot of snow falls down the side of a mountain.

A landslide (or mudslide) is when soil, rocks, and/or mud falls down the side of a hill or mountain.

When the volcano explodes, the event is called a “volcanic eruption”

In the following two charts we explore global fatalities from natural disasters since 1900. In the first chart we report the total annual number of deaths from natural disasters, as the decadal average from 1900. In the second chart, we report the same data but as the annual rate of global deaths (measured per 100,000 of the world population). The data for both charts can be found in the tables presented here.

معنى كلمة natural disaster

Human impacts from natural disasters are not fully captured in mortality rates. Injury, homelessness, and displacement can all have a significant impact on populations.

The visualisation below shows the number of people displaced internally (i.e. within a given country) from natural disasters. Note that these figures report on the basis of new cases of displaced persons: if someone is forced to flee their home from natural disasters more than once in any given year, they will be recorded only once within these statistics.

Interactive charts on the following global impacts are available using the links below:

The following chart shows the declining death rate due to lightnings in the US.

In the first decade of the 20th century the average annual rate of death due to lightning was 4.5 per million in the US. In the first 15 years of the 21st century the death rate had declined to an average of 0.12 deaths per million. This is a 37-fold reduction in the likelihood of being killed by lightning in the US.

The following chart does not only show the death rate due to lightning, but the death rates due to 8 other weather events. None of these death rates shows a significant increase over time.

Earthquake events occur across the world every day. The US Geological Survey (USGS) tracks and reports global earthquakes, with (close to) real-time updates which you can find here.

However, the earthquakes which occur most frequently are often too small to cause significant damage (whether to human life, or in economic terms).

In the chart below we show the long history of known earthquakes classified by the National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) of the NOAA as ‘significant’ earthquakes. Significant earthquakes are those which are large enough to cause notable damage. They must meet at least one of the following criteria: caused deaths, moderate damage ($1 million or more), magnitude 7.5 or greater, Modified Mercalli Intensity (MMI) X or greater, or generated a tsunami.

Available data — which you can explore in the chart below — extends back to 2150 BC. But we should be aware that most recent records will be much more complete than our long-run historic estimates. An increase in the number of recorded earthquakes doesn’t necessarily mean this was the true trend over time. By clicking on a country in the map below, you can view it’s full series of known significant earthquakes.

Alongside estimates of the number of earthquake events, the National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) of the NOAA also publish estimates of the number of deaths over this long-term series. In the chart below we see the estimated mortality numbers from 2000 BC through to 2017.

These figures can be found for specific countries using the “change country” function in the bottom-left of the chart, or by selecting the “map” on the bottom-right.

At the global level we see that earthquake deaths have been a persistent human risk through time.

This site has a stunningly beautiful interactive world map that shows live wind patterns around the globe.

Olivier Deschenes and Enrico Moretti (2009)4 study the effect of extreme weather on life expectancy in the US. The authors find that “both extreme heat and cold result in immediate increases in mortality. The increase in mortality following extreme heat appears mostly driven by near-term displacement, while the increase in mortality following extreme cold is long lasting.”

How are the frequency and extent of wildfires in the United States changing over time?

In the charts below we provide three overviews: the number of wildfires, the total acres burned, and the average acres burned per wildfire. This data is shown from 1983 onwards, when comparable data recording began.

Over the past 30-35 years we notice three general trends in the charts below (although there is significant year-to-year variability):

There has been significant media coverage of the long-run statistics of US wildfires reported by the National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC). The original statistics are available back to the year 1926. When we look at this long-term series (our chart is here) it suggests there has been a significant decline in acres burned over the past century. However, the NIFC explicitly state:

Prior to 1983, sources of these figures are not known, or cannot be confirmed, and were not derived from the current situation reporting process. As a result the figures prior to 1983 should not be compared to later data.

Representatives from the NIFC have again confirmed (see the Carbon Brief’s coverage here) that these historic statistics are not comparable to those since 1983. The lack of reliable methods of measurement and reporting mean some historic statistics may in fact be double or triple-counted in national statistics.

This means we cannot compare the recent data below with old, historic records. But it also doesn’t confirm that acres burned today are higher than the first half of the 20th century. Historically, fires were an often-used method of clearing land for agriculture, for example. It’s not implausible to expect that wildfires of the past may have been larger than today but the available data is not reliable enough to confirm this.

We cover famines in the Our World in Data entry on famines.

Populations in less developed countries – countries with a lower Human Development Index – are more affected more by natural disasters. This is shown in the following table.

The clear link between poverty and a higher death rate due to environmental causes is also shown in the following scatterplot. The definition of environmental causes however is very wide in this case and includes deaths caused by indoor air pollution, sunburn, pollution, and other “environmental causes”.

Anderson, Robert, Johnson, and Koyama (2013)8 study the factors that caused the persecution of minorities in pre-modern Europe and find that negative income shocks – due to weather shocks – increased the probability of a persecution.

Similar results are documented in the literature on the effect of droughts on political systems and wars (through economic output shocks).9

There are multiple terms used to describe extreme weather events: hurricanes, typhoons, cyclones and tornadoes. What is the difference between these terms, and how are they defined?

The terms hurricane, cyclone and typhoon all refer to the same thing; they can be used interchangeably. Hurricanes and typhoons are both described as the weather phenomenon ‘tropical cyclone’. A tropical cyclone is a weather event which originates over tropical or subtropical waters and results in a rotating, organized system of clouds and thunderstorms. Its circulation patterns should be closed and low-level.

The choice of terminology is location-specific and depends on where the storm originates. The term hurricane is used to describe a tropical cyclone which originates in the North Atlantic, central North Pacific, and eastern North Pacific. When it originates in the Northwest Pacific, we call it typhoon. In the South Pacific and Indian Ocean the general term tropical cyclone is used.

In other words, the only difference between a hurricane and typhoon is where it occurs.معنى كلمة natural disaster

The characteristics of a hurricane are described in detail at the NASA website.

A hurricane evolves from a tropical disturbance or storm based on a threshold of wind speed.

A tropical disturbance arises over warm ocean waters. It can grow into a tropical depression which is an area of rotating thunderstorms with winds up to 62 kilometres (38 miles) per hour. From there, a depression evolves into a tropical storm if its wind speed reaches 63 km/hr (39 mph).

Finally a hurricane is formed when a tropical storm reaches a wind speed of 119 km/hr (74 mph).

But, hurricanes/typhoons/cyclones are distinctly different from tornadoes.

Whilst hurricanes and tornadoes have a characteristic circulatory wind patterns, they are very different weather systems. The main difference between the systems is scale (tornadoes are small-scale circulatory systems; hurricanes are large-scale). These differences are highlighted in the table below:

The table below provides a summary (from the NOAA’s National Geophysical Data Center) of the characteristics of eruptions of different VEI values. A ‘Significant Volcanic Eruption’ is often defined as an eruption with a VEI value of 6 or greater. Historic eruptions that were definitely explosive, but carry no other descriptive information are assigned a default VEI of 2.

Wikipedia has several lists of disasters, and an overview of these lists can be found at List of Disasters.

The Center for International Earth Science Information Network at the Earth Institute at Columbia University publishes data on the Population Affected by the Indian Ocean Tsunami (December 2004).

Wikipedia has a List of Deadliest Floods and a List of Floods.

The data on victims of natural catastophes for my visualization are taken from The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database – http://www.emdat.be – Université Catholique de Louvain – Brussels – Belgium.

The global population data are obtained from the US Census (here).

These data are from the same source and are calculated the same way as the chart above: The OFDA/CRED International Disaster Database – www.emdat.be – Université Catholique de Louvain – Brussels – Belgium.

This is from the NASA Socioeconomic Data And Applications Center (SEDAC) hosted by the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN) at Columbia University. This map is online at their website here.

This document is licensed under a Creative Commons 3.0 Attribution License.

Olivier Deschenes and Enrico Moretti (2009) – Extreme Weather Events, Mortality, And Migration. The Review of Economics and Statistics, November 2009, 91(4): 659–681. Online at UCSB here.

This map is taken from Wikipedia here.

This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

This is taken from Human Development Report (2011) – Sustainability and Equity – A Better Future for All. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Online here.

This is taken from Human Development Report (2011) – Sustainability and Equity – A Better Future for All. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Online here.

The original source notes: ‘Excludes very high HDI countries. Survey years vary by country; see statistical table 5 for details.’

The Human Development Report (2011) used data from Prüss-Üstün A., R. Bos, F. Gore, and J. Bartram (2008) – Safer Water, Better Health: Costs, Benefits and Sustainability of Interventions to Protect and Promote Health. Geneva: World Health Organization.

The definition of environmental risk factors are further explained in footnote 26 on page 110: “Environmental risk factors include indoor smoke from solid fuel use; outdoor air pollution; inadequate water, sanitation and hygiene; solar ultraviolet radiation; climate change; lead; mercury; occupational carcinogens; occupational airborne particulates; and second-hand smoke (Prüss-Üstün and others 2008).”

Anderson, Warren Robert, Noel D Johnson, and Mark Koyama (2013), “From the Persecuting to the Protective State? Jewish Expulsions and Weather Shocks from 1100 to 1800”, memo. Online here.

There is a shortened version on VoxEU here.

A much cited study is Edward Miguel, Shanker Satyanath and Ernest Sergenti (2004) – Economic Shocks and Civil Conflict: An Instrumental Variables Approach. Journal of Political Economy, 2004, vol. 112, no. 4. Online at Miguel’s website here.

Our articles and data visualizations rely on work from many different people and organizations. When citing this entry, please also cite the underlying data sources. This entry can be cited as:

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معنى كلمة natural disaster
معنى كلمة natural disaster
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